Sage grouse is at the center of national, state debates

Posted: September 18, 2015 by gamegetterII in Uncategorized

Bloodied bird

A chicken-sized bird is ruffling a lot of feathers these days.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service faces a court-ordered Sept. 30 deadline to announce whether it believes sage grouse need federal protection by designating them a threatened or endangered species. It is an issue that strikes close to home for many Montana and Wyoming residents — especially hunters.

Why should you care? Well for one thing, sage grouse are seen as an indicator species. That means as the sage grouse thrive, or fail to thrive, so too do other prairie-dwelling species. For hunters, that includes animals like mule deer, pronghorns and sharp-tailed grouse, which inhabit the same landscapes. For bird watchers it includes species like golden eagles, hawks and falcons.

“A new cliche emerging now is: ‘What’s good for the bird is good for the herd,’” said Ed Arnett, of the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership, at a gathering of outdoor writers in Bozeman.

“We’re trying to protect an entire ecosystem,” said Jim Lyons, deputy assistant secretary of Land and Minerals Management for the Department of Interior. “Forty years after the signing of the Endangered Species Act, we’re on the verge of implementing the act as it was designed — to prevent the listing of a species.”

Apparently the U.S. Department of Agriculture agrees. The agency recently announced an investment of $211 million in Farm Bill funding for sage grouse projects involving private landowners. All of that attention may be paying off, a recent survey found that the number of male sage grouse per breeding ground was the highest it’s been since 1970 — 25.5 males per lek, or courtship grounds.

In Montana

About one-third of Montana contains important sage grouse habitat, most of it in the eastern part of the state, although there is also a sizable population in the Dillon area.

“We have about 18 percent of the world’s population of sage grouse,” said Tim Baker, Montana Gov. Steve Bullock’s policy adviser for natural resources. “Many of our populations are at low risk. In Montana we still do benefit from having significant intact habitat” and secure populations of birds.

Although sage grouse are sensitive to development such as power lines, road building and oil and gas drilling, “livestock grazing is not seen as a disturbance,” Lyons said. Oil and gas drilling are a big threat to sage grouse, but “more than half of the areas that are high priority for oil and gas development are not in priority sage grouse habitat,” he added.

Much of Montana’s sage grouse population, about 66 percent, lives on private land. Only 8 to 9 percent reside on state land, the rest live on federal lands – mostly the Bureau of Land Management. The BLM has already drawn up its plans to preserve 3.5 million acres of priority sage grouse habitat in Montana and the Dakotas. The BLM’s plans will still allow some gravel pits to be created, bentonite mining to continue and will not restrict motorized use on designated and open routes. But they do require “no surface occupancy” for oil and gas drilling in priority habitat.

“There was a rumor (roads) would be closed. That’s not true,” said Jamie Connell, BLM’s Montana-Dakotas director. “We will try to maintain this Western working landscape.”

The state of Montana also has crafted a sage grouse management plan. The USFWS is reviewing the plans to determine whether adequate protections are in place to preclude listing sage grouse as threatened or endangered.

“I don’t think we’ve reached a perfect solution,” Connell said. “But I feel very good about what we’re handing over to the Fish and Wildlife Service.”

Complex issue

Although coordinating a response to protect sage grouse habitat on the state scale is difficult, consider that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is examining plans across 11 states involving an alphabet soup of state and federal agencies.

“This is not a one-size fits all plan,” Lyons said. “Montana, Wyoming and Idaho all have different plans.”

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